The word megalith has stemmed from the merger of two Greek terms of "mega" meaning large and "lithic" signifying stone.

Presently the megalithic tribes of India use various structures of stone as burials or memorials of the dead. However in the past megaliths were not only sepulchral/funerary structures but were also used both as memorials of the dead and to commemorate various events of the family and that of the community. Megaliths were found even to be used as boundary markers and also as astronomical structures.

MENHIRS. CHATRA

MENHIRS. CHATRA


Each passing day numerous ancient megaliths get destroyed in India and we have no record of this disaster. It is sad that no government agencies like the ASI, the State Archaeological Depts and the District Administrations demonstrate any interest in their protection perhaps for their tribal origin and also possibly because megaliths to them do not appear to be significant relics of our land.

In actuality prehistoric megaliths are a significant source of our ancient history and their preservation is imperative as these monuments are evidences that India was indeed a land of the tribals in hoary times. A few of them however suggests that astronomy and geometry was known to the megalithic tribals millennias prior to the emergence of the Brahmanical astronomer/mathematicians. Obliteration of prehistoric megaliths is bound to erase this verity.

To view a few photographs of megaliths of India visit:

http://www.megalithsindia.in/2010/11/images-of-megaliths.html

The photographs and essays from this website may be used for research purposes giving credit to it.

Come let’s celebrate megaliths…

HISTORY BOOKS OF JHARKHAND WILL NOW TEACH MY RESEARCH ON MEGALITHS FROM THIS YEAR...now this is some news !!!

UMBRELLA STONES OR KUDAKALLU

UMBRELLA STONES OR KUDAKALLU
KERALA

Wednesday, 19 September 2018

Saturday, 28 July 2018

My latest book THE ARCHAEOASTRONOMY OF A FEW MEGALITHIC SITES IN JHARKHAND

The cover of my latest book THE ARCHAEOASTRONOMY OF A FEW MEGALITHIC SITES IN JHARKHAND.

My latest book THE ARCHAEOASTRONOMY OF A FEW MEGALITHIC SITES IN JHARKHAND published by Niyogi Books New Delhi has been released in the International Book Fair in New Delhi in the month of January of 2018. 


The book as such is not specifically on archaeology of the megalithic sites but on their archaeoastronomy. Although archaeology of the sites is indeed dealt in it, the book cites 6 amazing megalithic sites (of which four having discovered by me) constructed by the ancient adivasis with basic mathematics and observational astronomy. 

The book mentions the finds of various pottery, stone tools and other grave yields from the sites. But the book prominently deals with the stunning mathematics and astronomy which the ancients used to create these amazing megalithic sites some time in prehistory.
This being the first ever book on megalithic archaeoastronomy it is cogently written and comprises of stunning photographs and sketches of the positioning of the stones within the megalithic complexes.
       
Two of India's leading newspapers THE HINDU and the BUSINESS STANDARD has reviewed the book and have found it to be amazing. The links to the reviews are as under:


https://www.thehindu.com/books/books-reviews/the-archaeoastronomy-of-a-few-megalithic-sites-of-jharkhand-review-fragments-of-memory/article22918219.ece
                                                                   &
https://www.business-standard.com/article/news-ians/unspoken-wisdom-that-only-megaliths-can-impart-book-review-118050500196_1.html


The book is available in lot many bookstores and also on-line as in Amazon etc.


Monday, 16 July 2018

Cupules depicting acoustic properties in a menhir

Monday, 7 May 2018

SACRED BREAST SHAPED HILLS AROUND THE WORLD

Various sacred breast shaped hills across the world

The prehistoric world primarily being matriarchal and/or matrilinear was carpetted under the now defunct fertility cult. 
Traces of this ancient civilisation can be still seen in several tribal cultures across the world in places like in China, India, Africa etc. Several shapes of mountains resembling recumbent pregnant women were held to be sacred landscape figures even worshipped as Recumbent Mother Goddess forms.

Breast and vulvas were regarded sacred being representative of the ubiquitous Mother Goddesses: appendages of the fecundity cult.

The world comprises of several natural breast shaped hills which being appendages of the fertility cult of the Mother Goddesses were once very sacred for the the ancients. 
Many megaliths have been placed in alignment to such hills. 

The Punkri Burwadh megalithic site in Jharkhand state of east India is cradled between two breast shaped Amjhori hills oriented to the East-West (Fig 6).

Mams Tor is a Mother Hill in England. Maithan or the Breast of the Mother is a famous hill in Jharkhand on the Jharkhand-Bengal border of east India (Fig 10).

Below are a few photographs of such breast shaped hills of around the world including that of India which were the accessories of the prevalent fecundity cult of the Mother Goddesses. 
These hills therefore were held very sacred by the Mother Goddess worshippers during prehistoric times.


Fig1. Breast shaped hills with nipples. Guizhou Province.China. Source: Wikipedia.



Fig 2, One Breast Hill with nipple.Himalayas. Tibet. Source: Wikipedia.

Fig 3.Breast shaped Hill. Deganwy castle. Wales. Source: Wikipedia.



One Breast Hill. Western Sahara. Source: Wikipedia.

Fig 4.THE EMINENT "PAPS OF ANU" BREAST SHAPED MOTHER HILL. IRELAND


Fig 5. Twin Peak Breast Hill. San Francisco. USA. Source: Wikipedia.

Fig 6. The Amjhori Breast shaped Hills. India. The famous Punkri Burwadih megalithic site is cradled exactly between these two breast shaped hills. The monument is also positioned exactly on the East-West axis. Credit : Author.

Fig 7. Breasts of Aphrodite Hill. Mykonos. Greece. Source: Wikipedia.

Fig 8.Two breasts. Lohardagga. India. Credit: Author.

Fig 9. Virgin Breast Mountain. Somalia. Source: Wikipedia.

Fig 10. The two Breasts of the Maithon Hill. The term Maithan itself means the Breasts of the Mother.


Wednesday, 11 April 2018

A NEW MEGALITHIC SITE NEAR GIDDHAUR




Lat: 24 deg. 12'9" N Long 84 54' 46" E


The new megalithic site is found a few kilometers East of the District town of Chatra in Jharkhand, East India on the road to Hazaribagh.

This is a burial site of the erstwhile tribes of which exactly is difficult to vouch with certainty. This site though is badly ruined yet has about 13 menhirs most of them are inclined. They may  have been planted inclined or may have become slanted by the passing time. 

The site
.

The author stands between a few menhirs

The site is similar to the other megalithic sites of Chatra as this site too consists of a tree which is a mahua (madhuca longifolia)  tree. Like in other megalithic sites of Chatra here too few menhirs though placed side by side open up in North-South directions as below:

Few menhirs here like in other megalithic sites of Chatra though are placed close to one another open up towards the North-South directions. Credit:Ujjal Ghosh

Few menhirs like other megalithic sites of Chatra lean on one another as in the photograph below:


The two menhirs in the above like other menhirs in the megalithic sites of Chatra lean on one another.


Most of the menhirs in this ancient megalithic site have been broken and pieces of pottery lie scattered all around confirming the mode of entombment to be that of pot/pitcher burial. However the raised mound on which the megalithc site stands needs to be excavated to confirm the type of burial the site comprises. All around the site are stones and hills which could be the quarry from which the stones were quarried. 

Vijay Singh shares the frame with the author and the megaliths

The raised mound where the burials are below the menhirs are clearly visible

The author stands amidst few tall menhirs


Vikram admires the old stones




MEGALITHIC ACTIVITIES IN INDIA

Megaliths of Mizoram:

Blog on Brahmagiri megaliths:


THE PIONEER features "CHOKAHATU MEGALITHS"
First ever song composed on a megalith in India. Rajat Chandra sings on the fascinating megaliths of Punkri Birwadih:

Megalithic burials of the dolmen kind of Andhra Pradesh:

Rare megalithic sites discovered in Chattisgarh:

More than 200 megalithic sites found in Dhamtari and Mahasamund districts of Chattisgarh. Visit:http://www.deccanchronicle.com/channels/nation/north/rare-megalithic-sites-discovered-chhattisgarh-778