The word megalith has stemmed from the merger of two Greek terms of "mega" meaning large and "lithic" signifying stone.

Presently the megalithic tribes of India use various structures of stone as burials or memorials of the dead. However in the past megaliths were not only sepulchral/funerary structures but were also used both as memorials of the dead and to commemorate various events of the family and that of the community. Megaliths were found even to be used as boundary markers and also as astronomical structures.

MENHIRS. CHATRA

MENHIRS. CHATRA


Each passing day numerous ancient megaliths get destroyed in India and we have no record of this disaster. It is sad that no government agencies like the ASI, the State Archaeological Depts and the District Administrations demonstrate any interest in their protection perhaps for their tribal origin and also possibly because megaliths to them do not appear to be significant relics of our land.

In actuality prehistoric megaliths are a significant source of our ancient history and their preservation is imperative as these monuments are evidences that India was indeed a land of the tribals in hoary times. A few of them however suggests that astronomy and geometry was known to the megalithic tribals millennias prior to the emergence of the Brahmanical astronomer/mathematicians. Obliteration of prehistoric megaliths is bound to erase this verity.

To view a few photographs of megaliths of India visit:

http://www.megalithsindia.in/2010/11/images-of-megaliths.html

The photographs and essays from this website may be used for research purposes giving credit to it.

Come let’s celebrate megaliths…

HISTORY BOOKS OF JHARKHAND WILL NOW TEACH MY RESEARCH ON MEGALITHS FROM THIS YEAR...now this is some news !!!

UMBRELLA STONES OR KUDAKALLU

UMBRELLA STONES OR KUDAKALLU
KERALA

Wednesday, 8 February 2012

MEGALITHS OF CHATRA

Subhashis Das

 (Click left to enlarge the images below):

                             
Stone Circle Giddhaur

Jitendras Tewary has discovered many megaliths in the region


More photographs of Megaliths of Chatra are at the end of the text:

The megaliths of Chatra like other megalithic burials of Jharkhand too reveal the pot burial mode of entombment into which ashes and bones of the dead are inserted and thereafter buried on the sacred ground and over which a megalith is raised. 

Megaliths of Chatra or more specifically speaking megaliths of Pathalgadda are typical to the region. The name of the village Pathalgadda is a Hindi word for megaliths. When the proto austroloid tribals with their austric speech had begun to move away from here leaving behind their megaliths the Hindi speaking folks who walked into the region were indeed surprised to find so many standing stones in the area.

They are in thousands...look any where...go any where; megaliths are everywhere. I have never seen a place quite like this...all this was conveyed to me by one young fellow in his late twenties, Jitendra Tewary. Jitendra who is a correspondent of a Hindi daily and who also owns a studio, has discovered many megaliths around the region. 

The area is ringed with some spectacular hills in the landscape as; Puraniya, Likhlahi, Dasi and Lamboiya et al.

The megaliths are solely burial and memorial stones. These can be found jumbled up at single places suggestive of the fact that they were the respective "Jangarhas", "Hargarhis", or "Sasandiris" of the adivasi villages where the adivasi themselves created these burials were once created in the deep past.
My prolonged study of the megaliths of Chatra has revealed to me that the positioning of the stones within a few megalithic sites in the district of Chatra as Katiya Murwey, Bayen and Obra displays stunning astronomy and geometry.
I have dealt the application of these sciences in the construction of the above mentioned ancient megalithic complexes in the following books authored by me:

1. UNKNOWN CIVILIZATION OF PREHISTORIC INDIA. Kaveri Books, New Delhi. 2014.

2. THE ARCHAEOASTRONOMY OF A FEW MEGALITHIC SITES OF JHARKHAND. Niyogi Books. New Delhi. 2018.


Most of the sites I saw were damaged by non tribal villagers scrounging for treasure from below the stones slabs, or the stones were towed away by them to serve as washing stones by the well or to function as drain covers (Fig 6).


The followings are a few photographs of megaliths of Chatra:
(Click left on the photographs to expand them)

Fig 1. A menhir in a ruined megalithic site in Rohmar.


Fig 2. Menhirs in Angarha

Fig 3. The opposite facing tilted stones are inclined towards East and West



 Fig 4. Tall menhirs placed resting inclined on  small menhirs

Fig 5. Trees such as Banyan, Peepal or Mahua are a common and a rare aspect specialty of Chatra megaliths.


Fig 6. Megalithic sites ruined in the process of digging the burials for buried treasure.
Fig 7. Singhani

Fig 8. Obra.


Fig 9. This ancient ruined menhir is worshipped as Bhainsasur by non  tribal dalits of a village. Photo credit: Jitendra Tewary

Fig 10. Megalithic burial inside a sacred grove of the  tribals


Fig 11. An ancient cairn or mound burial of soil and stones


Fig 12. Few modern day sasandiri megalithic burials


Fig 13. A cairn/mound burial created by grits of stones.


Fig 14. A stone circle with tree inside the burial site.


Fig 15. An attractive menhir.

Fig 16. Jitendra beside a large menhir.

Fig 17. Working at an astronomical megalithic site in Chatra district.

Fig 18. This astronomical megalithic site is aligned to the sunrises and sets of the Summer and Winter Solstices

Fig 19. Burial urns with human bones

Fig 20. One of the most stunning archaeoastronomical megalithic sites.


Fig 21. Jitendra and I stand in a ruined ancient megalithic site

Fig 22. This wonderful archaeoastronomical cum burial site is oriented towards the sunrises and sets of the Summer and Winter Solstices

2 comments:

You seem to be inspiring everyone...good...a neat post..love this.
Arinadam Shaw

So sad to see so much damage and desecration of these sites. If we can be of any help reblogging your reports/concerns on The Heritage Trust please let us know.

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